Diabetes Specialist

Houcks Road Family Practice

Paul Williams, DO

Family Practice & Aesthetics located in Harrisburg, PA

When you’re one of the 422 million people around the globe who’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, you may feel helpless and unsure of how to manage your disease. At Houcks Road Family Practice in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Dr. Paul Williams takes an individual and collaborative approach to controlling your type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Contact his team by phone or online form for a diabetes consultation today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body produces or uses insulin. Insulin is a hormone that shepherds sugar from the food you digest (i.e., glucose) into your cells, so they can turn it into energy.

If your body doesn’t have enough insulin, the sugar stays in your bloodstream, where it can rise to dangerous levels and cause serious problems such as kidney failure and blindness.

You can have one of three types of diabetes:

Type 1

Type 1 diabetes is rare, affecting only about one in 10 people with the disease. In type 1, your immune system attacks the special cells in your pancreas that produce insulin. Because your body can’t produce insulin anymore, you must inject yourself with the hormone daily.  

Type 2

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting about nine of 10 people who have diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually develops because of lifestyle choices, such as eating a diet high in sugar and saturated fats or not exercising enough. Dr. Williams helps you manage type 2 diabetes with lifestyle changes and, if necessary, medications.


Some women develop diabetes when they’re pregnant. Dr. Williams helps you manage your gestational diabetes to keep you and your baby safe.  

How can I tell if I have diabetes?

When you come to Houcks Road Family Practice each year for a wellness examination, Dr. Williams administers a blood test to check your blood glucose levels. If you have hyperglycemia, he helps you raise your insulin levels with lifestyle modifications or medications.

You should also undergo diabetic screening if you have symptoms such as:


  • Unintended and unexplained weight loss
  • Ongoing fatigue
  • Wounds that take a long time to heal
  • Intense hunger or thirst
  • Numb or tingling hands or feet
  • Dry skin or dry mouth
  • Urinating frequently
  • Getting a lot of yeast infections

How do doctors treat diabetes?

Dr. Williams believes in taking a holistic approach to all disease, including diabetes. He helps you make lifestyle changes that improve your health and mood, such as eating a vegetable-rich diet and getting plenty of fun exercise. He may also prescribe medications or daily insulin injections to lower your blood-glucose levels.

Diabetes must be properly managed and treated to keep you healthy over the long-term. Call Houcks Road Family Practice today for a diabetes consultation or book online.